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The exhibition "TerraFibra architectures" is presented from September 5 to October 17, 2022 at the École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Toulouse.
In the face of climate change and the necessary adaptation of building systems, the use of bio- and geo-sourced materials offers beneficial technical solutions. Certain approaches have been tried and tested over centuries, others have only just been invented. Bringing together earth and plant fibers emphasizes the mixed use of materials and reaffirms the importance of constructive intelligence, which aims to use the right quantity of the right material in the right place. Highlighting this complementary use of materials also helps avoid the pitfalls of any material value chain centered on a single technical solution, which is a model that is woefully inadequate and particularly polluting.
The exhibition is arranged based on the plant used for fibers (hemp, straw, reed, bamboo) and on the techniques employed for raw earth (rammed earth, poured earth, cob, adobe, compressed earth block, wattle and daub, and earth plaster). Photographs, full-scale prototypes, technical drawings, and samples allow visitors to physically touch these abundant materials, while admiring the creativity of the architectures on display.
The very first global award in contemporary earthen and plant fiber-based architectures, TERRAFIBRA Award 2021 brings together TERRA Award 2016, the global award in earthen architecture, set up by Dominique Gauzin-Müller and led by amàco and CRAterre, and the FIBRA Award 2019, the global award in plant fiber-based architecture run by amàco. More than 300 teams from 62 countries have answered this call for applications and align with the dynamics of the previous submissions, establishing a network of professionals exchanging views and supporting one another.
Following the COP26 Climate Change Conference, the TerraFibra Architectures event confrims that environmentally-friendly practices exist throughout the world, in highly diverse contexts. The actors involved in these projects are enthusiastic, passionate, and generous. They make the use of bio- and geo-sourced materials credible industry-wide and highlight the key economic, social, and environmental aspects of their projects and their commitments. They demonstrate that it is possible to construct buildings differently, drawing on local resources and know-how, without giving up innovation. Well-grounded in their territory, these frugal and creative architectures open up new horizons in construction and renovation.