This feature requires cookies to be enabled
You can update your settings here
As France’s population is aging rapidly and elderly care facilities are increasingly being called into question, the “Coup de vieux” [Going Gray] exhibition invites us to discover new housing types designed by and for seniors. Imagined together with their future residents, these projects are inventing other ways of considering, financing, programming, and building housing units that meet the expectations of populations looking for alternative solutions and lifestyles that allow them to stay at home. Their desires combine the principles of mutual support and solidarity with forward-looking ambitions in terms of ecological construction and improved spaces.
The exhibition surveys a dozen of projects in the Bordeaux-Bègles, Lyon, Montpellier, and Lille metropolises, as well as more rural areas in Centre-Val de Loire, Drôme, and Finistère. They succeed in balancing seemingly contradictory aspirations as they are close to the city center (and its amenities) while being shielded from its nuisances, collective but also individual, built to high environmental standards but nevertheless thrifty, intimate but community-oriented, and so on. The diversity of geographical situations, as well as the breadth of the programs and the means deployed to result in a plurality of structures and ways of bringing together communities of residents, designers, and builders. Such ventures generally start with groups formed through social networking, community ties, or local initiatives, which are then structured into cooperatives, nonprofits, joint properties (under the SCIA system), or any other legal entity allowing them to acquire and transform a plot. Finally, the project leaders organize the community through charters and sociocratic principles in order to bring their vision to life.
Though the diversity of schemes determines the type of property and the many ways of inhabiting it, the result is always a high-standard of architectural design. Whether new builds, redevelopments, or self-builds, they share a common ambition of a complementarity between optimized housing layouts (often one-bedroom apartments) and generously proportioned shared communal areas. The majority of these projects thus provides dual aspect apartments of around 50 m², with spacious corridors and wet rooms, as well as private outdoor areas, along with shared facilities including a laundry room, workshop, and shared garden. There is sometimes even a swimming pool or a room for receiving people from outside of the community. Remarkably, notwithstanding financial constraints, this new programmatic layout always involves expectations of green construction and low energy use. Several programmatic and technical innovation systems are implemented, such as wood and straw-bale construction, or perhaps cellulose wadding or hemp insulation.
Just a few days after the opening of the exhibition “Soutenir. Ville, architecture et soin” [Providing Support—City, Architecture, and Care], Pavillon de l’Arsenal continues examining society’s key challenges through the lens of care. The “Coup de vieux” study is a part of this program that highlights and examines models that put care at the core of their architecture in order to get to understand their technical, administrative, organizational, and architectural models. The aim is to capture the essence of these models and allow anyone to appropriate them in order to inform future iterations.
Pavillon de l’Arsenal and the curators wish to thank the residents of the 10 senior co-housing communities surveyed:
boboyaka la castagne
oasis des babayagas